Five Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy

Humanity’s dependency on energy resources are only increasing day by day and to make things worse, non-renewable sources of energy like oil and coal are depleting. Moreover, issues like global warming and increased carbon footprints have forced governments and industries to consider eco-friendly and renewable sources of energy like solar energy and wind energy.

Solar energy is harnessed from sun using solar panels. Solar panel installations are quite common these days and the extent of reliance on solar energy depends from place to place. Environmentally conscious and progressive residences and institutions are actively using solar energy in their day to day routine. However, the full scale implementation of solar energy as an alternative to oil, coal and other renewable sources of energy is yet to be realized.

In this article we will do an unbiased inspection of solar energy and list out 5 advantages and disadvantages of the same.

5 Advantages of Solar Energy

• Renewable – Solar energy is renewable, which means there is practically no end to its means and it is all up to us how we will harness this infinite source of energy.

• Eco-friendly – Solar energy is naturally obtained from sun and there is burning of fossil fuels or emission of carbon footprints which pollute the environment.

• Meets Energy Demands – The world is going through an energy crisis where underdeveloped nations are struggling to harness power and developed nations are fighting for control over oil. Solar energy can put an end to all of this by being an alternative source of energy.

• Lesser Maintenance Cost – Keeping the initial costs aside, solar energy in the long run will help us save a lot of money and maintenance costs. All it takes is the installation of solar panels wherever required.

• New Industry and New Jobs – With increased adoption and application of solar energy worldwide, the industry of solar energy is growing rapidly, providing jobs to a number of people.

5 Disadvantages of Solar Energy

• High Investment – One of the major drawbacks of solar energy is that it demands a lot of initial investment for the installation of solar panels, batteries, re-wiring, renovation of house etc.

• Unreliable – It is difficult to rely on solar energy in locations where sunlight is relatively less. Solar energy is also unreliable during rainy and winter seasons.

• Energy Storage Costs – Once solar energy is harnessed from the sun, it is important that it is stored for future usage. The storage of solar energy in batteries is an expensive deal when compared to conventional sources of energy.

• Space Requirement – Another limitation of harnessing solar energy is that you need a lot of space to install the solar panels which are essential to trap the sunlight and convert it into storable energy.

• Low Efficiency – Only 15 to 22% of the collected solar energy is converted into electrical energy. Thus a large number of solar panels are required to suffice the complete energy requirements of homes and institutions. This means it would be really difficult to run industries using solar energy where energy requirements are immense.

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